about Reiser 2

Key points from Reiser’s (2001) “A History of Instructional Design and Technology: Part 2: A History of Instructional Design”

1934- “Each objective must be defined in  terms which clarify the kind of behavior which the course should help to develop” Tyler, the “father” of the behavioral objective movement

1940’s- origins and development of systems of analysis, design, and evaluation procedures of how people learned from a psychological perspective

1950’s through 1960’s- programmed instruction movement; Bloom’s taxonomy and educational objectives

1960’s- criterion-referenced testing, before this most tests were norm-referenced tests; criterion -referenced “measure how well an individual can perform a particular behavior or set of behaviors, irrespective of how others perform”

1965- domains of learning, events of instruction and hierarchical analysis (Gagne); sub-ordinate skills before super-ordinate skills

1967- Scriven: formative evaluation contrasted with summative evaluation